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Building a house: what are the specifications?

Imóveis Mercado Imobiliário Casas Sustentáveis Construção Nova Custos de Construção Mão-de-obra na Construção Sustentabilidade SUPERCASA Proprietários
Although it's a big investment, building a house can be more advantageous than buying. Find out what the costs are.
Building a house: what are the specifications?
Source: Freepik
Author: Redação

The decision to build a house has advantages and disadvantages, however, it is generally more beneficial than actually buying a property, as you will have more autonomy to decide exactly how you want the development projects to be done. Everything will depend on your individual needs, but it will be important to take into account the costs associated with this choice.

With new concepts such as sustainable construction, building a property today is a choice more geared towards making the most of materials and, in the long term, effectively saving on maintenance and energy costs.

So that you can make the decision that best suits you, your needs and your wallet, SUPERCASA Notícias has listed below the expenses you should expect to incur during the process.

What are the specifications?

It is an essential document during the construction process that describes all the project's requirements and specifications in detail. It serves as a guide for the builder and all parties involved in the process.

Some of the most important points that should be included in this booklet are:
    - Identification of the project;
    - General description;
    - Reference documents (such as drawings, architectural plans or regulations);
    - Technical specifications (including foundations, structures, walls, materials, finishes, equipment, electrical and sanitary installations, landscaping or types of structures);
    - Deadlines;
    - Budget;
    - Health and safety;
    - Amendments;
    - Signature of owner and builder.

With this document you will avoid possible conflicts that may arise during the course of the work, as well as guaranteeing the quality and smooth running of the project, within the established deadlines and budgets.

Buying the land and drawing up the project
Before you even think about developing the project, it's essential to know the space where the construction will take place, as this is a major factor. You should therefore make sure that the site is eligible for construction, assessing the areas and possible unforeseen problems associated with the land that could cause your budget to slip.

Take the following factors into account:

    - Location and area, as prices will differ depending on the geographical area you're in, depending on whether it's coastal or inland or whether or not it's close to major urban centres and other accessibility.

    - Allotments, as allotted land already has infrastructure that can be essential for building the property, such as plumbing and electricity, saving you the expense of this.

As for the project, in order to proceed with the licence, you must apply to the town hall of the municipality where you are going to build. At this stage you should hire a specialised professional, such as an architect, who will be responsible for preliminary studies, licensing, architectural and engineering projects, energy and other certifications, and execution projects.

Building licences, permits and land preparation
Once all the prior licences and preparations have been duly secured, the next step is to apply to the town hall for a building licence to authorise the work, and then apply for the respective permit.

These licences and certificates cost between 2,500 and 4,000 euros.

Once you have all these authorisations, it's important to start preparing the land, ensuring that all interventions are taken care of, such as earthworks, levelling, drainage or other manoeuvres. To do this, once again, you should hire a professional.

Construction process, inspections and permits and utilisation

Construction costs should include building work and materials to be used, as well as water or electricity connections, site inspections or police and security, where necessary.

As for the construction process, this must be carried out by a specialised professional, taking into account the step-by-step design, which involves structures and foundations, masonry and metalwork, roofing, electrical installations and plumbing and hydraulic systems. Once these interventions have been carried out, you will move on to the interior finishes, exterior finishes, carpentry and insulation and ventilation. Once all these stages have been completed, your property should be ready to move into.

However, before you move in, it's essential to have the property inspected, which you should again request from your town hall, which will issue you with a licence to use the property. At this stage, the average cost is €250.

Building a house can be the most viable option for those looking for a totally idealised home, and the advantages of this process include personalisation, high energy efficiency, low initial maintenance and controlled initial costs.

However, it also has some disadvantages, such as time and effort and financial risks. So if you want to opt for the simpler option and buy a property, go to SUPERCASA and make your enquiry!
Imóveis Mercado Imobiliário Casas Sustentáveis Construção Nova Custos de Construção Mão-de-obra na Construção Sustentabilidade SUPERCASA Proprietários
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